Phonics scheme

How we teach reading in the Foundation Stage

At Chivenor Primary School we use a scheme called Read, Write Inc. to teach children phonics.
Phonics is a way of teaching children to read skilfully. They are taught how to:


– recognise the sounds that each individual letter makes;
– identify the sounds that different combinations of letters make – such as ‘sh’ or ‘oo’; and
– blend those sounds together from left to right to make a word.


Children can then use this knowledge to ‘decode’ new words that they see or hear. This is the first important step to learning to read.


To begin with the children are taught individual sounds daily during Phonic sessions. After these have been learnt, children begin to learn how to blend these sounds into words.



Fred is our Read, Write Inc. friend. He can only speak in sounds though, so we have to help him learn to say words, instead of sounds. For example Fred says ‘c-a-t’ instead of cat.


Fred Fingers

We use ‘Fred Fingers’ to help make the transition between oral sounding out and spelling with magnetic letters or on paper.


Firstly we count how many sounds we can hear:
“cat, c-a-t, 3 sounds”.


Then we hold up that many fingers.